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Nutrient-induced thermogenesis (NIT) following amino acid infusion.

Nutrient-induced thermogenesis (NIT) following amino acid infusion. Research Abstract Details 

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  • Nutrient-induced thermogenesis (NIT) following amino acid infusion. Abstract Text:

    m sakaueM Sakaue,t sujinakaT Sujinaka,y kidoY Kido,y hayashidaY Hayashida,m yanoM Yano,t hommaT Homma,s iijimaS Iijima,k kanK Kan,t ebisuiT Ebisui,t moriT Mori,

    Nutrient-induced thermogenesis (NIT) induced by parenteral infusion of amino acid (AA) mixtures of different composition and of the same AA mixtures given via different routes (parenteral or intraportal infusion) were investigated in rats using a small animal indirect calorimeter. When 8 different AA solutions of differing composition but with the same total concentration were infused parenterally, both standard NIT (each AA is assumed to generate 3.28 kcal/g) and specific NIT (heat energy of each AA is calculated assuming that it is oxidized to carbon dioxide and water, and metabolised to urea and sulphuric acid) values of the leucine (Leu)-rich and the glycine (Gly)-rich solutions were significantly greater than those of the control solution. Removal of Leu or Gly from the respective AA solutions reversed the increase of both NIT values down to control levels. When the parenteral and portal infusion routes were used in one rat, both NIT values for parenteral infusion of the Leu-rich solution were again significantly greater than those of the control. Likewise, both NIT values for intrportal infusion of the Leu-rich solution were also significantly greater than those of the control. However, no difference in NIT values was found between parenteral and portal infusion of either solution. The result of this study indicated that Leu and Gly may be thermogenic AAs, and the thermogenic effect of Leu is not dependent upon the route of infusion.

    Nutrient-induced thermogenesis (NIT) following amino acid infusion. Publishing Authors By Initials

    m sakaueM Sakaue,t sujinakaT Sujinaka,y kidoY Kido,y hayashidaY Hayashida,m yanoM Yano,t hommaT Homma,s iijimaS Iijima,k kanK Kan,t ebisuiT Ebisui,t moriT Mori,

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    Nutrient-induced thermogenesis (NIT) following amino acid infusion. Journal Published:

    PUBLICATION TYPE: Journal Article

    Journal: Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)

    VOLUME: 13

    Page Numbers: 116-22

    Journal Abbreviation:

    ISSN: 0261-5614

    DAY: 17

    MONTH: Apr

    YEAR: 1994

    Nutrient-induced thermogenesis (NIT) following amino acid infusion. Information

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    LANGUAGE: eng

    NlmUniqueID: 8309603

    Nutrient-induced thermogenesis (NIT) following amino acid infusion. Keywords Mesh Terms:

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    Grant and Affiliation Information for Nutrient-induced thermogenesis (NIT) following amino acid infusion.

    AFFILIATION: Department of Surgery II, Osaka University Medical Medical School, 2-2-2 Yamadaoka Suita-city Osaka 565, Japan.

    Country: England

    England Research Publication

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    MEDLINETA: Clin Nutr

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