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Herpes simplex virus type 2 among Mexican high school adolescents: prevalence and association with community characteristics.

Herpes simplex virus type 2 among Mexican high school adolescents: prevalence and association with community characteristics. Research Abstract Details 

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  • Herpes simplex virus type 2 among Mexican high school adolescents: prevalence and association with community characteristics. Abstract Text:

    juan pablo gutierrezJuan Pablo Gutierrez,carlos j Carlos J ,dilys m walkerDilys M Walker,stefano m bertozziStefano M Bertozzi,

    BACKGROUND: We undertook this study to estimate the prevalence and correlates of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) among Mexican adolescents in high school. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis using data that had been collected to evaluate a school-based HIV prevention intervention. As part of the final round of evaluation, capillary blood samples were taken from volunteers to test for antibodies to HSV-2. The effect of each school's seroprevalence on the probability of an individual being seropositive was estimated, and the results were grouped by town to evaluate the association between characteristics of the locality and student HSV-2 seroprevalence. RESULTS: Dried blood spots were collected for 80% of the 1607 participants in the survey who reported that they were sexually active. Of these samples, 21% tested positive for HSV-2 antibodies, with no significant difference in prevalence between men and women. Seroprevalence among schools ranged from 0 to 57%. The number of sex workers registered in the locality was the most important covariate of seroprevalence, with each additional female sex worker (FSW) per 1000 women between 18 and 45 years of age in the town associated with an increase of 1% in the seroprevalence of HSV-2. CONCLUSIONS: Characteristics of adolescents' micro-environments that influence their pool of potential sexual partners and the likelihood that these partners are HSV-2 positive may be more important predictors of the risk of STI infection than self-reported condom use.

    Herpes simplex virus type 2 among Mexican high school adolescents: prevalence and association with community characteristics. Publishing Authors By Initials

    jp gutierrezJP Gutierrez,cj CJ ,dm walkerDM Walker,sm bertozziSM Bertozzi,

    For similar socioeconomic factors research abstracts see: socioeconomic factors research

    PUBMED ID PMID:

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    Herpes simplex virus type 2 among Mexican high school adolescents: prevalence and association with community characteristics. Journal Published:

    PUBLICATION TYPE: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov

    Journal: Archives of medical research

    VOLUME: 38

    Page Numbers: 774-82

    Journal Abbreviation: Arch. Med. Res.

    ISSN: 0188-4409

    DAY: 21

    MONTH: 06

    YEAR: 2007

    Herpes simplex virus type 2 among Mexican high school adolescents: prevalence and association with community characteristics. Information

    Number of References:

    LANGUAGE: eng

    NlmUniqueID: 9312706

    Herpes simplex virus type 2 among Mexican high school adolescents: prevalence and association with community characteristics. Keywords Mesh Terms:

    KEYWORDS: Socioeconomic Factors

    MESH TERMS: statistics & numerical data

    Chemical & Substance for Abstract: Herpes simplex virus type 2 among Mexican high school adolescents: prevalence and association with community characteristics. Information

    Substance Name: Biological Markers

    Registry Number: 0

    Grant and Affiliation Information for Herpes simplex virus type 2 among Mexican high school adolescents: prevalence and association with community characteristics.

    AFFILIATION: Division of Health Economics and Evaluation, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, México. jpgutier@insp.mx

    Country: United States

    United States Research PublicationUnited States Research Publication

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    MEDLINETA: Arch Med Res

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