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Fertility of lactating dairy cows administered recombinant bovine somatotropin during heat stress.

Fertility of lactating dairy cows administered recombinant bovine somatotropin during heat stress. Research Abstract Details 

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  • Fertility of lactating dairy cows administered recombinant bovine somatotropin during heat stress. Abstract Text:

    f d jousanF D Jousan,l a de castro e paulaL A de Castro e Paula,j blockJ Block,p j hansenP J Hansen,

    Administration of recombinant bovine somatotropin (bST) to lactating dairy cows during heat stress increases milk yield, but it also can increase body temperature and may therefore compromise fertility. However, it is possible that bST treatment could increase fertility during heat stress because it has been reported to increase fertility in lactating cows. In addition, bST increases secretion of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) that promotes embryo survival. The purpose of this study was to determine effects of bST on reproductive function in lactating dairy cows during heat stress. The experiment was conducted in southern Georgia from July to November 2005 using lactating Holstein cows (n = 276 for reproductive traits). For first service timed artificial insemination (TAI), cows were presynchronized with 2 injections of PGF(2alpha) given 14 d apart followed by a modified Ovsynch protocol (GnRH and insemination at 72 h following PGF(2alpha) ). Pregnancy was diagnosed by using ultrasonography on d 29 and reconfirmed by palpation between d 45 and 80 post-TAI. Nonpregnant cows were resynchronized with the modified Ovsynch protocol and received a second TAI. Treatment with bST started 1 wk before the start of Ovsynch and continued at 2-wk intervals. Blood samples were collected from a subset of cows to determine IGF-I profiles immediately before the first bST injection, 1 wk later, and at d 35 of bST treatment. Rectal temperatures were assessed on d 29 of bST treatment. Pregnancy rates (d 45 to 80 post-TAI) did not differ between bST and control cows for first- (16.7 vs. 15.2%) or second-service TAI (14.8 vs. 17.2%). Plasma concentrations of IGF-I and milk yield were greater for bST-treated cows following the initiation of bST treatment and bST increased rectal and vaginal temperatures. Body condition score was less for bST-treated cows. In conclusion, treatment with bST during heat stress increased IGF-I concentrations, milk yield over time, and rectal and vaginal temperatures without affecting first- or second-service pregnancy rates. Thus, at least under certain housing conditions, bST can be used to improve milk yield during heat stress without compromising fertility.

    Fertility of lactating dairy cows administered recombinant bovine somatotropin during heat stress. Publishing Authors By Initials

    fd jousanFD Jousan,la de castro e paulaLA de Castro e Paula,j blockJ Block,pj hansenPJ Hansen,

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    Fertility of lactating dairy cows administered recombinant bovine somatotropin during heat stress. Journal Published:

    PUBLICATION TYPE: Research Support, U.S. Gov't,

    Journal: Journal of dairy science

    VOLUME: 90

    Page Numbers: 341-51

    Journal Abbreviation: J. Dairy Sci.

    ISSN: 1525-3198

    DAY: 21

    MONTH: Jan

    YEAR: 2007

    Fertility of lactating dairy cows administered recombinant bovine somatotropin during heat stress. Information

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    LANGUAGE: eng

    NlmUniqueID: 2985126

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    Grant and Affiliation Information for Fertility of lactating dairy cows administered recombinant bovine somatotropin during heat stress.

    AFFILIATION: Department of Animal Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611-0910, USA.

    Country: United States

    United States Research PublicationUnited States Research Publication

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    MEDLINETA: J Dairy Sci

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