Application of Direct Current Electric Fields to Cells and Tissues in vitro Protocol applies EFs to cells in vitro but has been modified and to use electrotactic chambers to accommodate cells growing in planar culture or in three-dimensional (3D) gels, en bloc tissue cultures in 3D and possible small embryos, such as that from frog and zebra fish. The EF is applied to the cells or tissues cultured in a customer designed electrotactic chamber via agar salt bridges, Steinbergâ€™s solution and Ag/AgCl electrodes.
C25 Isolation from spleen, thymus, pancreas, alveolar tissue and other tissues OptiPrep Application sheet C14 describes procedures for determining the density and sedimenting properties of any cell (of any size or density) using either a continuous or discontinuous gradient of iodixanol. This Application Sheet describes procedures aimed at isolating specifically a relatively low-density cell fraction from any tissue.
Cell Fractionation of a Mixed Population of Cells Cell fractionation techniques are presented for the design of gradient systems for separating one or more cell types from lavages of body cavities or from mechanically or enzymically-dissociated tissues. Includes: Preparation of cell suspension for gradient loading; Fractionation by buoyant density; Fractionation on the basis of cell size.
Chemotaxis Assay Protocol This chemotaxis assay protocol is based on the premise of creating a gradient of the chemotactic agent and allowing cells to migrate through a membrane towards the chemotactic agent. A chemotaxis assay can determine whether your protein or small molecule of interest has chemotactic activity on a specific cell type. Chemotaxis is then the ability of a protein to direct the migration of a specific cell.
Dynamic Flow Assay for Cell Adhesion in a Parallel Plate Flow Chamber Flow assays offer visualization of cell adhesion under wall shear stress. Visualization of the different events of cell adhesion can be quantified by selective image acquisition and subsequent image processing. Flow assays are suited for adhesive events which occur very rapidly in a time scale shorter than that of most static adhesion assays. Also, events subsequent to the initial events can be studied such as cell stabilization and spreading giving some insight into the kinetics of cell-cell.
Equilibrium Density Gradient Percoll Protocol Cell fractionation of cellular components using Percoll a synthetic, colloidal solution of polyvinylpyrrolidone coated silica, specifically designed for sedimentation centrifugation. Percoll becomes a simple matter to establish a linear density gradient. Organelle separations are much easier to accomplish on Percoll density gradients than on sucrose gradients.
M5 Velocity (rate zonal) gradients for purification and assembly analysis of viruses. Purification protocols of the viruses: HIV-1, Lassa virus, oncornavirus and other retroviruses. Protocol uses an iodixanol gradient in a sedimentation velocity mode to purifyHIV-1 virions without affecting the infectivity of the virus. In rate-zonal iodixanol gradients the HIV-1 was effectively separated both from Vif and from the microvesicles.
Tubulin is polymerized into microtubules by incubating tubulin at 37°C with GTP. A nucleation seed is added when the purpose is to assay microtubule elongation. Tubulin can also be polymerized for the purposes of recycling the tubulin or labeling the microtubules with fluorescently labeled tubulin. Based on the protocol by Timothy Mitchison of Harvard University.